CORRUPTION AND HUMAN RIGHTS IN INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY
ANALYSIS BEFORE COVID 19 PANDEMIC
The UN, which has among its missions the fight against corruption, founded on July 14, 1997, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), whose main goal is to fight drugs and the multiple manifestations of transactional organized crime, corruption and the prevention of terrorism. Six years later, the UN General Assembly adopted (Resolution 58/4. 2003) its first legally binding instrument to fight this scourge: the United Nations Convention against Corruption, which entered into force in December 2005. Its development was entrusted to experts and ad hoc working groups, supervising and monitoring its implementation at the biennial intergovernmental Conference of the States Parties. Given the frequent transactional dimension of corruption and the no less frequent impunity of local corruption where officials lack international controls, the initiative seems necessary and plausible. Unfortunately, the effectiveness of this mechanism is relative, and its reliability low given that the UN itself, its officials, its civil society partners and even some self-proclaimed “guardian” organizations are part of the corruption they claim to pursue. This results in the erosion of Human Rights.
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