LEGAL PLURALISM AND INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT: INTRODUCTORY NOTES ON THE DIALOGUE BETWEEN THE TWO CONCEPTS.

  • Miguel de Lemos Lisbon University

Abstract

This study is based on the dialogue between legal pluralism and international development, which shapes the daily lives of much of the world population, in particular those who live in emerging or developing States and are subject to programmes of international technical assistance. Due to a number of factors, this dialogue is required to, on a practical level, harmonise diametrically opposed onto-epistemological legal dimensions. From the epistemological point of view, the phenomenological dimension of this study will allow us to analyse the conceptual and scientific evolution of both legal pluralism and international development, accompanying the development of the underlying legal theory which, in cycles, has seen moments of convergence and divergence, and of tension and distension, over the last seven decades. Having as background the case study of Timor-Leste this work also looks at the practical consequences that certain options will give rise to in building a State and its systems of justice within the framework of legally plural societies.

References

ALBRECHT, P.; KYED, H., Justice and Security: When the State Isn’t the Main Provider; Copenhagen, 2010.
APTER, D., Rethinking Development: Modernization, Dependency, and Post-Modern Politics; Newbyry Park, 1987.
ARNSCHEIDT, J.; ROOIJ, B. VAN; OTTO, J.M. (Ed.), Lawmaking for Development - Explorations into the theory and practice of international legislative projects; Leiden, 2008.
BENDA-BECKMANN, F., “Who’s Afraid of Legal Pluralism?”, The Journal of Legal Pluralism and Unofficial Law, 34:47, 2002.
BENTON, L. Law and Colonial Cultures: Legal Regimes in World History, 1400-1900, Cambridge, 2002.
BERNSTEIN, H., “Modernization theory and the sociological study of development”, The Journal of Development Studies; 7:2, 1971.
BINGHAM, T., The Rule of Law, London, 2011.
BRÄUCHLER, B., “The Revival Dilemma: Reflections on Human Rights, Self-Determination and Legal Pluralism in Eastern Indonesia”, The Journal of Legal Pluralism and Unofficial Law, 42:62, 2010.
BROWN, M., “Formação do Estado e da comunidade política em Timor-Leste: A centralidade do local”, Revista Crítica de Ciências Sociais, Lisbon, 2014.
CABASSET, C.; DURAND, F. (ed.), East Timor: How to Build a New Nation in Southeast Asia in the 21st Century?, Bangkok, 2009.
CANE, P.; CONAGHAN, J. (ed.), The New Oxford Companion to Law, Oxford, 2008.
CAROTHERS, T. (ed.), Promoting the Rule of Law Abroad – In Search of Knowledge, Washington, 2006.
CREVELD, M., The Rise and Decline of the State, Cambridge, 1999.
DELANTY, G.; ISIN, E. (eds.); Handbook of Historical Sociology, London, 2003.
DUPRET, B.; BERGER, M.; AL-ZWAINI, L. (ed.), Legal Pluralism in the Arab World, The Hague, 1999.
FORSYTH, M., A bird that flies with two wings: the Kastom and State justice systems in Vanuatu, Camberra, 2009.
FRIEDMAN, L., “On Legal Development”; Rutgers Law Review; 24, 1969.
GARDNER, J. A., Legal Imperialism – American Lawyers and Foreign Aid in Latin America, Madison, 1980.
GRENFELL, L., “Promoting the rule of law in Timor-Leste”, Conflict, Security & Development, 9:2, 2009.
GRENFELL, L., Promoting the Rule of Law in Post-Conflict States, Cambridge, 2013
GRIFFITHS, J., "What is Legal Pluralism?", The Journal of Legal Pluralism and Unofficial Law, 18:24, 1986.
HOHE, T.; NIXON, R., Reconciling Justice: ‘Traditional’ Law and State Judiciary in East Timor, Washington, DC, 2003.
HOOKER, M.B., Legal Pluralism. An Introduction to Colonial and Neo Colonial Laws, Oxford, 1975.
HOSELITZ, B. (ed.), The Progress of Underdeveloped Areas, Chicago, 1963.
HUNTINGTON, S. P., “The Change to Change: Modernization, Development and Politics”, Comparative Politics; vol. 3; n.º 3, 1971.
JENNINGS, I., The Approach to Self-Government, Cambridge, 1956.
KÖNZ, P.; PARRY, C.; SHINDY, W., “Legal Development in Developing Countries”, Proceedings of the American Society of International Law at Its Annual Meeting, vol. 63, 1969.
LEGRAND, P., “The Impossibility of ‘Legal Transplants.’”, Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law, 4(2), 1997.
LEMOS, M. de, A Autodeterminação do Timor Português no contexto da Guerra Fria, Thesis submitted for the degree of Master of Law, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, 2018.
MAYHEW, L., “In defence of Modernity: Talcott Parsons and the Utilitarian Tradition”, The American Journal of Sociology, 1984.
MEARNS, D. J., Looking Both Ways: Models for Justice in East Timor, Sydney, 2002.
MELISSARIS, E., Ubiquitous Law – Legal Theory and the Space for Legal Pluralism, Farnham, 2009.
MENESES, M. P.; GRAÇA, J., Para uma Justiça de Mariz Timorense: o contributo das justiças comunitárias; Díli, 2017.
MERRY, S. E., "Legal Pluralism", Law & Society Review, Vol. 22, n.º 5, 1988.
MOMMSEN, W.J; DE MOOR, J.A. (Ed.), European Expansion and Law – The Encounter of European and Indigenous Law in 19th and 20th Century Africa and Asia, Oxford, 1992.
NISBET, R. A., Social Change and History - Aspects of the Western Theory of Development, New York, 1969.
PARSONS, T., Talcott Parsons on institutions and social evolution - Selected Writings; Chicago, 1982.
PARSONS, T., The social system, Londres, 2005.
PIRES, F., “Fontes do Direito e Procedimento Legislativo na República Democrática de Timor-Leste”; Estudos em Memória do Professor Doutor António Marques dos Santos II, Coimbra, 2005.
RAZ, J., “Why the State?”, King’s College London Dickson Poon School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper Series; Paper n.º 2014-38, 2014.
SACK, P.; MINCHIN, E., Legal Pluralism Proceedings of the Canberra Law Workshop VII, Canberra, 1985.
SANTOS, B. de S., “Law: A Map of Misreading. Toward a Postmodern Conception of Law”, Journal of Law and Society, Vol. 14, N.º 3, 1987.
SANTOS, B. de S.,; TRINDADE, J., Conflito e Transformação Social: Uma Paisagem das Justiças em Moçambique I, Porto, 2005.
SANTOS, B. de S.,; VAN DÚNEN, J., Sociedade e Estado em Construção: Desafios do direito e da democracia em Angola I, Coimbra, 2012.
SEINECKE, R., “Rechtspluralismus in der Rechtsgeschichte”, Zeitschrift des Max-Planck-Instituts für europäische Rechtsgeschichte, N.º 25, 2017.
SILVA, V. P. da, Para um Contencioso Administrativo dos Particulares – Esboço de uma teoria subjectivista do recurso directo de anulação, Coimbra, 2005.
SWENSON, G., “Legal Pluralism in Theory and Practice”, International Studies Review, n.º 20, 2018.
TAMANAHA, B. Z., “Understanding Legal Pluralism: Past to Present, Local to Global”, Sydney Law Review, Vol. 29, 2008.
TAMANAHA, B. Z., On the Rule of Law – History, Politics, Theory, Cambridge, 2004.
TAMANAHA, B. Z.; SAGE, C.; WOOLCOCK, M., Legal Pluralism and Development - Scholars and Practitioners in Dialogue, Cambridge, 2012.
TAMANAHA, B. Z., “The Lessons of Law-and-Development Studies”, The American Journal of International Law, Vol. 89, n.º 2, 1995.
TRUBEK, D. M.; SANTOS, A., The New Law and Economic Development: A Critical Appraisal, Cambridge, 2004.
TRUBEK, D.; GALANTER, M., “Scholars in Self-Estrangement: Some Reflections on the Crisis in Law and Development Studies in the United States”, Wisconsin Law Review, 1062, 1974.
VANDERLINDEN, J., “Return to Legal Pluralism - Twenty Years Later”, The Journal of Legal Pluralism and Unofficial Law, 21:28, 1989.
VANDERLINDEN, J., Pluralismes juridiques, Brussels, 2013.
WEBER, M., The Theory of Social and Economic Organization, Nova Iorque, 2012.
WOLKMER, A., Pluralismo Jurídico – Fundamentos de uma Nova Cultura no Direito, São Paulo, 2001.
Published
2020-06-24
How to Cite
de Lemos, M. (2020). LEGAL PLURALISM AND INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT: INTRODUCTORY NOTES ON THE DIALOGUE BETWEEN THE TWO CONCEPTS. HUMANITIES AND RIGHTS GLOBAL NETWORK JOURNAL, 2(1), 190-233. https://doi.org/10.24861/2675-1038.v2i1.31