GLOBAL SITUATION OF MIGRATION AND REFUGE
The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) warns that in 2020 we have reached the dramatic figure of 79.5 million forcibly displaced people in the world. The migration issue is currently one of the most worrying in terms of Human Rights. Over the past few years there has been an increase in armed conflicts in North Africa, especially bloody conflicts in Libya, Syria and where the Islamic State has intervened. These conflicts have put thousands of people in unsustainable living conditions in their countries of origin, so many of them have chosen to flee to Europe to protect their lives and that of their families. The International Society, and especially the European Union, in the middle of an economic and identity crisis, has been overwhelmed and has not managed to articulate a global strategy in order to resolve the delicate situation we are experiencing. At the global level, the United Nations has also tried to create a solution for managing migratory flows based on coordination and joint responsibility. However, it has only been able to approve a Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration that is not obligatory, but voluntary. This research makes a descriptive and functional analysis of the legislation and public policies developed within the field of migration and refuge, with special attention to what refers to cooperation, integration and management of cultural diversity and development
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